Vitamin A is a group of fat-soluble retinoids involved in immune function, cellular communication, growth and development, and male and female reproduction. It is essential to vision.
It is found as retinol in animal foods, and carotenoids in plant foods, like carrots, bell peppers, broccoli, kale, mangoes, oranges, spinach…. To say that vitamin A is fat-soluble means that it can dissolve in fats and oils, it is therefore absorbed with fats during meals and stored in the body’s fatty tissue and in the liver.
Several studies have found that carotenoids are better absorbed when eaten with fats (because of the fat solubility) and from meals containing cooked, pureed vegetables than from meals containing the raw vegetable. Cooking the vegetables helps the absorption of the vitamin.